French electric utility company EDF has submitted a non-binding preliminary offer to the Polish government to build four to six European Pressurised Reactor (EPR) nuclear reactors in Poland.
The reactors will be built at two or three sites and have a total installed power generating capacity of between 6.6GWe and 9.9GWe.
EDF’s offer covers engineering, procurement and construction services for the reactors.
It also includes other important aspects such as plant configuration, the industrial scheme, plans for the development of the local supply chain, the estimated cost and schedule.
In a statement, EDF said: “This EPR-based nuclear programme would bring numerous benefits to the Polish economy, contributing to the country’s energy independence, providing electricity for at least 60 years and satisfying up to 40% of the Polish current electricity demand.
“It would significantly contribute to the path towards net-zero by avoiding up to 55 million tonnes of CO₂ emissions a year, thanks to a safe, reliable, dispatchable and CO₂-free energy source.”
It is estimated that almost 25,000 local jobs for every two EPRs will be created during the project’s construction phase, as well as several thousand indirect jobs.
EDF said that its preliminary offer aims to meet all the objectives included in the Polish Nuclear Power Programme (PPEJ), which the Polish government adopted last October.
Poland currently generates most of its power from coal-fired plants and was the only European Union (EU) member state not to have committed to climate neutrality by 2050 when the target was set by the EU in 2019.
Facing pressure from the EU and with costs of carbon emissions increasing, the country is looking at investing in low-emission power sources.
It expects to have its first large nuclear reactor operational by 2033.
In April, EDF submitted a binding techno-commercial offer to build six EPR reactors at a nuclear power plant in Maharashtra, India.